- Johnston Atoll
Introduction ::Johnston AtollBackground:Both the US and the Kingdom of Hawaii annexed Johnston Atoll in 1858, but it was the US that mined the guano deposits until the late 1880s. Johnston Island and Sand Island were designated wildlife refuges in 1926. The US Navy took over the atoll in 1934, and subsequently the US Air Force assumed control in 1948. The site was used for high-altitude nuclear tests in the 1950s and 1960s, and until late in 2000 the atoll was maintained as a storage and disposal site for chemical weapons. Cleanup and closure of the weapons facility ended in May 2005.Geography ::Johnston AtollLocation:Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 717 nm (1328 km) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall IslandsGeographic coordinates:16 45 N, 169 31 WArea:total: 2.63 sq kmland: 2.63 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 4.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:34 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds with little seasonal temperature variationTerrain:mostly flatElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Summit Peak 5 mNatural resources:guano deposits (worked until depletion about 1890), terrestrial and aquatic wildlifeLand use:arable land: 0%permanent crops: 0%other: 100% (2011)Irrigated land:0 sq km (2011)Natural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:no natural fresh water resourcesGeography - note:strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; Johnston Island and Sand Island are natural islands, which have been expanded by coral dredging; North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina) are manmade islands formed from coral dredging; the egg-shaped reef is 34 km in circumference; closed to the public; a former US nuclear weapons test site; site of now-closed Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS); most facilities dismantled and cleanup complete in 2004; some low-growing vegetationPeople and Society ::Johnston AtollPopulation:315 uninhabitednote: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US government personnel had left the island (July 2010 est.)Government ::Johnston AtollCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Johnston AtollDependency status:unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Honolulu, HI, by Pacific Air Forces, Hickam Air Force Base, and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge systemLegal system:the laws of the US, where applicable, applyFlag description:the flag of the US is usedTransportation ::Johnston AtollAirports - with paved runways:total: 12,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)Ports and terminals:Johnston IslandMilitary ::Johnston AtollMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of the USTransnational Issues ::Johnston AtollDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Johnston Atoll — Introduction Johnston Atoll Background: Both the US and the Kingdom of Hawaii annexed Johnston Atoll in 1858, but it was the US that mined the guano deposits until the late 1880s. The US Navy took over the atoll in 1934, and subsequently the US… … Universalium
Johnston Atoll — The unofficial flag of Johnston Atoll which was used to represent the island in a December 7, 2001, Pearl Harbor ceremony. The official flag for all U.S. minor outlying islands is the U.S. flag … Wikipedia
Johnston-Atoll — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Johnston Atoll Satellitenbild des Johnston Atolls Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johnston Atoll — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Johnston Atoll Country and Admin Code UM.200 UM … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Johnston Atoll — n. atoll in North Pacific Ocean (one third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands) which forms a part of the United States Minor Outlying Islands … English contemporary dictionary
Johnston Atoll — … Useful english dictionary
Johnston Atoll Airport — Map of the islands of Johnston Atoll, showing airstrip on Johnston Island IATA: JON – ICAO: PJON Summary … Wikipedia
Atoll De Johnston — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnston. Atoll de Johnston Johnston Atoll (en) … Wikipédia en Français
Atoll de Johnston — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnston. Atoll de Johnston Johnston Atoll (en) … Wikipédia en Français
Atoll de johnston — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnston. Atoll de Johnston Johnston Atoll (en) … Wikipédia en Français